Baikal has not only the so-called transit winds (connected with the general circulation of the atmosphere), but also local ones. They are called by the name of the valleys from where they blow. Authentic names are explained both by typical features of the winds (for example, the” Verkhovik” wind emerges in the valley of the upper reaches of the Angara (“Verkhovya” = upper reaches in Russian) and etymological relations to local dialects (for example, Sarma is derived from the Buryat word meaning “a roll”).
Academician Okladnikov believed that the name of the Kika River (with the emphasis on the second syllable) was derived from the Turkic “green river”. This is the name of one of 336 rivers flowing into Lake Baikal.
Why should one remember about an ordinary hare - the animal with the nickname “squint-eye” that is considered a coward?
A specially protected natural monument of regional significance – “Anglichanka” Rock – is situat-ed in Selenginsky district of Buryatia. Now it is known as an observation deck with a picturesque view of the Selenga and Spassky Cathedral dated by the 18th century. However, in 1818-1841, Protestant preachers lived here. Key to Baikal explored how the life of the missionaries was con-nected with the rock, what kind of girl was wandering around it and what the London missionary society had to do with it.
The name of the valley originated from local “Bargut” which means “outskirts, wilderness”. It was a name of Mongolian tribe that used to inhabit the valley.