The endemics of Lake Baikal are the animals living only in this region. According to the scientific data, about 800 inhabitants of the lake out of 1200 are endemics. The most part of them are protected and secure, but, alas, the Red Book of the lake is getting thicker with every year.
Currently the most famous endemic of the lake are considered ringed seal, omul and viviparous Baikal oilfish (golomyanka). Our infographics will tell you about other inhabitants of the lake found only there and nowhere else in the world.
Academician Okladnikov believed that the name of the Kika River (with the emphasis on the second syllable) was derived from the Turkic “green river”. This is the name of one of 336 rivers flowing into Lake Baikal.
Why should one remember about an ordinary hare - the animal with the nickname “squint-eye” that is considered a coward?
A specially protected natural monument of regional significance – “Anglichanka” Rock – is situat-ed in Selenginsky district of Buryatia. Now it is known as an observation deck with a picturesque view of the Selenga and Spassky Cathedral dated by the 18th century. However, in 1818-1841, Protestant preachers lived here. Key to Baikal explored how the life of the missionaries was con-nected with the rock, what kind of girl was wandering around it and what the London missionary society had to do with it.
The name of the valley originated from local “Bargut” which means “outskirts, wilderness”. It was a name of Mongolian tribe that used to inhabit the valley.