Nature

Lake Baikal, the blue eye of Siberia. It is a home to many species of animals and plants including the freshwater seal. More than a half of these species are unique to this place. 
In this rubric you will find all information about rich nature of Baikal region and will find out why this lake is called  “Pearl of Russia”.

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Bear Fostering: a Brown She-bear and Her Offspring
About the way the bear became a symbol of Russia and why she-bears are the best mothers among all animals.
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How the Emperor Saved the Baikal Sable: Dedication to the Centennial Anniversary of the Barguzinsky Reserve
I heard the name “Doppelmair Pass” by chance, but it was so intriguing by the peculiarity of its sound that I wished to learn more about it. In the same unexpected way I discovered another story about the life of an interesting person and about the creation of the famous Barguzinsky Reserve that began to implement the tasks of protecting the nature of Baikal even in the pre-revolutionary period.
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The Stars above Baikal: the Reason Why There Are no Stars of This Kind Anywhere Else
“Astronomical Big Cleanup” has been held in Bolshoe Goloustnoe on July 28. The staff of the Irkutsk Planetarium staff installed a professional telescope on the cleared glade of the National Park and conducted a lecture-journey through the night sky. Volunteers were able to observe Saturn, the Andromeda galaxy and a cluster of stars, as well as the ISS flying at a distance of 400 km. We talked with the Head of the Irkutsk Planetarium Pavel Nikiforov in order to find out what is so special about the sky above Baikal.
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Baikal “Shark”: Amazing Facts about Baikal Oilfish (Golomyanka)
One of the most numerous fish species of Lake Baikal is the unique Baikal Oilfish. This rose-pearl fish with beautiful large fins is, without exaggeration, one of the wonders of the lake, because is amazing everything in it.
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Baikal Mountains: Why the Place Is Worth Visiting
Due to the extreme weather conditions and topographic features, Baikal mountains are not populated and there is no any infrastructure. The nature of the Baikal ridges has remained primeval, this is what is most valued by researchers and travelers.
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Waterfalls of Baikal
Around 336 rivers and streams flow into Baikal, and only Angara flows out. There are many waterfalls along the length of this complex system of water flow. The exact number is difficult to determine, as it is more than a hundred.
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The Rivers of Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal has a huge amount of freshwater - 23615.39 cubic meters, which is about 19% of all world reserves. The amazing Lake is fed by a great number of rivers.
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A Hairy Bat and a Falcon Changing Colors: Rare Species of the Western Coast of Lake Baikal
Pribaikalsky National Park is a specially protected natural area and also a home to many species listed on the Red Book of Irkutsk Oblast and the Red Book of Russia.
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Who Has Counted Baikal Fish and Birds
A special place among the large number of people engaged in the research and protection of Lake Baikal is occupied by V.Ch. Dorogostaisky, a reputable miscellaneous scientist, extraordinary person, enthusiastic traveler, explorer of the fauna of Lake Baikal and its coast.
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Fluffy Gold of Siberia: Barguzinsky Sable
Tourists visiting the Barguzinsky Nature Reserve can see a brisk curious fluffy animal with a narrow muzzle among the dense fir grove - this is the sable.
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The Guardians of Baikal Waters: Who Cares about the Purity of the Lake
Transparent waters of Lake Baikal hide a specific and incomprehensible world of underwater plants and animals in their depths. These include not only the numerous fish species, about 60 of them live in the lake. Other small bottom animals, which may not even seem to be animals at all at the first glance, are also extremely interesting.
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Why the Ringed Seal Does not Breathe Underwater and Why It Needs a Health Resort
Everyone knows that the Baikal ringed seal is the only mammal of Lake Baikal and its main endemic. However, ringed seals have some interesting abilities and peculiarities which we will gladly reveal to you.
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Healing Springs of Baikal
Such lake as Baikal could not fail to produce healing mountain springs, there are more than 200 of them here. They are all different in properties and water composition, but in most cases the waters are carbonated with nitrogen, methane and occasionally - hydrogen sulfide.
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Baikal: the Magic of Water
If all of the Baikal's water is divided by the number of people who live in Russia, each person would get 2,773 60-tonne tanks. Impressive, isn't it?
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Baikal Berries against Cold Weather: Let’s Prepare for Winter in a Right Way
Everyone knows that the best medicine against cold is grandmother’s raspberry jam. And not only jam made of raspberries. A wide variety of other useful and tasty berries grow at Lake Baikal.
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The Underground Fairy-Tale of Baikal: What are the Caves near the Lake Famous For
Baikal is surrounded by mountain ranges on all sides. The snow ridge of Khamar-Daban stretches in the south and south-east almost everywhere, the spurs of the Primorsky and Baikalsky ridges approach the coast of the lake in the west and north-west; the spurs of the Barguzinsky ridge come to the lake’s coast in the east, beginning from the Chivyrkuisky Bay. The holes of mysterious caves can be seen in the outcrops of rocks in many places...
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The Winds of Baikal: from the Left, from the Right, to the North, Everywhere and All Around
There are from 18 to 148 stormy days in different regions of Lake Baikal during the year. All of them are the result of work of three dozen Baikal winds ...
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The King-fish, a Fish without Scales and Other Inhabitants of the Waters of Baikal
Baikal attracts not only by the beauty of its landscape and the boundless still water. The fans of fishing take pride in their journey to Lake Baikal and the opportunity to get acquainted with its unique underwater world.
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The Red Book of Lake Baikal: What Grows in the Woods by the Lake
The extraordinary natural beauty of the lake attracts a huge number of tourists. The diversity of flora cannot be but admired - more than a thousand species exist at Baikal.
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Rare Animals of Lake Baikal
The unique nature of Baikal creates favorable conditions for a lot of animals that do not live in other places of the planet. The majority of the endemic animals of the Lake today are protected, but alas – the Red Book of Baikal every year becomes even thicker.
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Islands of Baikal
Baikal is not just the lake. It includes plains, mountains, and islands. There are many of them, but the exact number is still unknown. Scientists provide different numbers - from 19 to 47.