History

Lake Baikal is a rift lake, meaning it was formed within a deep rift created by tectonic movement along fault lines. At an estimated 25 million years old, Lake Baikal is also considered to be the oldest existing lake in the world as well. 
In this section of website you will find information about the history of lake Baikal and stories about first explorers of the Great Lake.

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Secrets of Baikal Herbs: 5 Recipes of Healthy Drinks
If you want to stay strong and energetic all the time, you need not necessarily buy brand new vitamins or create a stock of kilograms of pills. Our article features 5 curative tea recipes from Baikal which will help to stay healthy and forget about pharmacies for a long time.
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Shaman Stone: on the Border of Lake Baikal
Shaman Stone is a rock near the source of the Angara, a natural monument of the Pribaikalsky National Park and also a sacred place of shamanists. This is one of the symbols of Lake Baikal. Only a small tip of the Shaman Stone is visible above the water, protruding to 1-1.5 meters, but a rock massif dividing the river into two parts lies under the water and, moreover, it is a boundary between the river and the lake.
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Deadly Earnings: Gold Rush at Lake Baikal
Gold has been attracting people since ancient times. Quick and easy enrichment at the expense of this precious metal has always led people to the farthest regions of the world, such as Alaska, South Africa, Australia, and Siberia. The coast of Lake Baikal had its own deposits of gold. The works on them had been conducted for more than a hundred years from the mid-nineteenth century until 1960-s.
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Decembrists in Siberia: from Political Criminals to Educators
Siberia is a large part of the Russian map associated with difficult natural and human environment. And while the phrase by Mikhail Lomonosov, saying that "the power of the Russian Siberia will grow" is afloat and popular, the severe region is still perceived through the prism of exiles, hard labor, prisons ...
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The first explorers of Baikal
When Yermak Timofeyevich made his famous march, the conquest of the vast lands of Siberia and the Far East has become a matter of state importance for Russia.
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Origin and History of Lake Baikal
This unique lake has always been an area of great debate among scientists. It is the deepest lake on planet Earth and the largest reservoir of fresh water.
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Imperial House in Irkutsk: the Route of Nikolai II
The education of the future heir to the throne was taken very seriously by the imperial family. The final stage of education, as a rule, was a journey of the Crown Prince through foreign countries. However, visits to different places of his vast homeland were also an important part of his imperial duty. Irkutsk and Baikal became significant destination points during one of these visits
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10 Films Starring Baikal
Baikal is of great interest to the researchers from different scientific fields. The sacred lake has been praised in the works of poets, prose writers and music composers. Film directors also did that and presented the magnificent movies with Baikal as their main character to spectators.
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War and Peace at Baikal: the Fate of the Two Ice Breakers
The fate of the fleet of Lake Baikal is closely associated with the civil war that overwhelmed Russia after the October revolution. We’ll tell about the way the Baikal “Titanic” built by the British was destroyed, as well as about the fate of its counterpart, the “Angara” ice breaker.
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Whose name does the Chersky's shore bear?
One of the Baikal shores in Barguzinskiy park has a name “Chersky's shore”. There is an observation platform “Chersky’s rock” on the shore – a hill at Listvyanka village area. You can observe an amazing view from that point on the Baikal, the Angara river, mountain ranges, and the main top of the Baikal range is named “Chersky’s mountain”... So who is Czerski and why do the Baikal surroundings bear his name?
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Golden Buckle: History of Circum-Baikal Railway
The old round Baikal railway (Circum-Baikal) which the locals call “Krugobaikalka” is one of the few unique railway lines running through the territory of our vast country.
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The Arch Connecting the Past and the Future or Why Irkutsk Needs a Triumphal Gate
The Moscow Triumphal Arch became a bridge connecting different pages of the Irkutsk history. Both in the 19th century and now it is perceived as a symbol of Irkutsk that has welcomed all travelers, statespersons, writers who have visited and are still visiting the capital of Eastern Siberia.
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A City Made of Lace: Wooden Architecture of Irkutsk
A trip to Baikal begins with Irkutsk, the largest city near the lake, for most part of tourists. And this city is not just a point on the route: in addition to many of its interesting peculiarities, one cannot stay away from its architecture.
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Lake Robbers: What are the Pirates of Lake Baikal Famous For
Vessels loaded with tea and silk became a slice of the pie for the pirates of Lake Baikal. Let us tell you about the way they appeared on the Lake, the way they won their fame and the location of the cave of the Baikal Ali-Baba.
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The Capital of Eastern Siberia: Who “Babr” Is and Whence the Tank Came
Irkutsk has celebrated its 350th anniversary since the city’s foundation. The city has served as the gateway of Lake Baikal for more than three and a half centuries and is an important cultural and economic center of Eastern Siberia.
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Settlement of the Region
The Russian government was actively expanding its territories through reclamation. And it was not surprising that the process encompassed its vast northern lands.