The discovery of Baikal is considered one of the most important stages in the study of Siberia. The lake has always attracted people: some were attracted by the abundance of its nature, others by unexplored lands, yet others by mystery and mystical power. Therefore, Baikal has many explorers, and all of them explored the lake through different routes, discovering more and more new territories.
Russians came here in 1643 for the first time, when the Cossack Kurbat Ivanov and his squad got here from the Verkhnelensky jail to the western coast of the lake, coming to it directly opposite to the island of Olkhon. Ivanov compiled the “Drawing of Lake Baikal and Rivers and Lands Adjacent to Baikal”: this was the first schematic map of the places visited by the Cossacks. Then the lake was given its modern name derived from the Buryat “Baigal Dalai” and meaning “a large lake” or “sea”.
Our infographics will show you the stages in the discovery of Baikal that have become the most significant, as well as the routes used in the exploration of the lake.
The Professor of Irkutsk State University, Doctor of Biological Sciences Fedor Eduardovich Reimers spent his entire life working on plant physiology. He began as a simple teacher, later becoming a Director of the Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry and a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Christmas days have come: it’s time to burn candles and ask Gogol’s spirit about daily issues. Key to Baikal informs you about the rite of fortune-telling that existed on Baikal a couple of centu-ries ago.
Not only Siberian peoples considered the bear to be the Master of the Taiga, but namely Siberians turned their attitude to the bear into a cult. Moreover, this cult played an important role in the rites of hunting magic and everyday life.
It turns out that elderly people did not always enjoy the care and respect of their relatives and tribesmen. An old woman who was doomed to die of hunger not to be a burden for her tribe was fed the best meal for the last time and dressed in white clothes, like for a wedding...