The first part of the road – from Irkutsk to cape Baranchik (Port Baikal) – was constructed for 4 years, from 1896 to 1900. On today’s maps this section does not exist anymore: in 1956, the road was dismantled and flooded when the Irkutsk Reservoir was filled during the construction of the Irkutsk Hydroelectric Power Station.
It was a grandiose and extremely complicated project. Initially, it was assumed that 33 tunnels would be built in the mountains, followed by retaining walls and viaducts. The construction was carried out right on the bank of the lake, so all the materials had to be transported by water – on barges or across the winter ice.
“Eco-rating” is a new project that will change the hotels at Lake Baikal and improve the environmental situation of the lake.
The problem of water level fluctuations in Lake Baikal has been actively discussed by environmentalists and journalists in the last few months.
Ringed seal is the main endemic of the lake and its most cute inhabitant. If you want learn about other animals living only on Lake Baikal and nowhere else in the world, see our exclusive infographics.
The discovery of Baikal is inseparable from the exploration of Siberia. These lands attracted explorers from all over the world, and all of them made their contribution into the study of the lake. Our infographics will tell you about the most important stages in the discovery of Baikal and clearly show the routes which the first explorers used for passing through the territory of the lake.